Forest Health Bibliography

Articles Q-R

Quist, M. E., Reversibility of damages to forest floor plants by episodes of elevated hydrogen- and aluminium-ion concentrations in the soil solution, Plant and Soil, 176, 297-305, 1995.

Raloff, J., When nitrate reigns, Air pollution can damage forests more than trees reveal, Science News, 147, 90-91, Feb. 11, 1995.

Rampazzo, N., and W. E. H. Blum, Changes in chemistry and mineralogy of forest soils by acid rain, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 61, 209-220, 1992.

Ranta, H., S. Neuvonen, S. Kääriäinen, and S. Vesanto, Copper and nickel pollution: Frequency of endophytic fungi in Scots pine shoots and endophyte growth in vitro, Can. J. Bot., 72, 93-99, 1994.

Ranta, H., and S. Neuvonen, The host-pathogen system of Gremmeniella abietina (Lagerb.) Morelet and Scots pine; effects of non-pathogenic phyllosphere fungi, acid rain and environmental factors, New Phytol., 128, 63-69, 1994.

Ranta, H., S. Neuvonen, and T. Virtanen, Effects of sulphuric acid and heavy-metal deposition on frequency of asymptomatic infections of Gremmeniella abietina in Scots pine seedlings, Eur. J. For. Path., 25, 5-12, 1995.

Ranta, H., S. Neuvonen, and A. Ylimartime, Interactions of Gremmeniella abietina and endophytic fungi in shoots of Scots pine trees treated with simulated acid rain, J. Appl. Ecol., 32, 67-75, 1995.

Rapp, M., Nutrient cycling in European forests: State of current research and futures needs, in A. Teller, P. Mathy, and J. N. R. Jeffers, Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes, Elsevier Applied Science, New York, 176-188, 1992.

Raschi, A., R. Tognetti, H.-W. Ridder, and C. Béres, Water in the stems of sessile oak (Quercus petraea) assessed by computer tomography with concurrent measurements of sap velocity and ultrasound emission, Plant, Cell and Environ., 18, 545-554, 1995.

Raschi, A., R. Tognetti, H.-W. Ridder, C. Béres, and A. Fenyvesi, The use of computer tomography in the study of pollution effects on oak trees, Agr. Med. Special Vol., 298-306, 1995.

Raynal, D. J., J. D. Joslin, F. C. Thornton, M. Schaedle, and G. S. Henderson, Sensitivity of tree seedlings to aluminum: III. Red spruce and loblolly pine, J. Environ. Qual., 19, 180-187, 1990.

Read, D. J., Micorrhizas in ecosystems, Experienta, 47, 376-391, 1991.

Read, D. J., R. Francis, and R. D. Finlay, Mycorrhizal mycelia and nutrient cycling in plant communities, in A. H. Fitter, D. Atkinson, D. J. Read, and M. B. Usher, eds., Ecological Interactions in Soil, Blackwell, Oxford, 193-218, 1985.

Reams, G. A., and C. E. Peterson, Jr., Evaluating changes in forest condition potentially related to acidic deposition: An example using red spruce, Forest Ecol. and Management, 51, 5-16, 1992.

Reams, G. A., Radial growth trends of loblolly pine in the Virginia coastal plain, Can.J. For. Res., 26, 1660-1669, 1996.

Reams, G. A., and P. C. van Deusen, Synchronic large-scale disturbances and red spruce growth decline, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 1361-1374, 1993.

Reams, G. A., P. C. van Deusen, and E. R. Cook, Spatial and temporal variation in the prevalence of growth decline in red spruce populations of the northeastern United States: Discussion, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 1492-1493, 1993.

Reams, G. A., N. S. Nicholas, and S. M. Zedaker, Two hundred year variation of southern red spruce radial growth as estimated by spectral analysis, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 291-301, 1993.

Reams, G. A., N. S. Nicholas, and S. M. Zedaker, Two hundred year variation of southern red spruce radial growth as estimated by spectral analysis: Reply, Can J. For. Res., 24, 2305-2311, 1994.

Reams, G. A., and P. C. van Deusen, Reply: Synchronic large-scale disturbances and red spruce growth decline, Can. J. For. Res., 25, 859-869, 1995.

Reams, G. A., P. C. van Deusen, and A. A. Lucier, Ambient ozone and loblolly pines, Nature, 378, 449-450, 1995.

Rebbeck, J., The chronic response of yellow-poplar and eastern white pine to ozone and elevated carbon dioxide: Three-year summary, in Proc., 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Profram, USA FS, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, General Tech. Report NE-214, 23-30, 1995.

Rebbeck, J., Chronic ozone effects on three northeastern hardwood species: growth and biomass, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 1788-1798, 1996.

Rebbeck, J., K. F. Jensen, and M. S. Greenwood, Ozone effects on the growth of grafted mature and juvenile red spruce, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 756-760, 1992.

Rebbeck, J., K. F. Jensen, and M. S. Greenwood, Ozone effects on grafted mature and juvenile red spruce: Photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and chlorophyll concentration, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 450-456, 1993.

Reddy, G. B., R. A. Reinert, and G. Eason, Loblolly pine needle nutrient and soil enzyme activity as influenced by ozone and acid rain chemistry, Soil Biol. Biochem., 27, 1059-1064, 1995.

Reed, D. D., K. S. Pregitzer, H. O. Liechty, A. J. Burton, and G. D. Mroz, Productivity and growth efficiency in sugar maple forests, Forest Ecol. Management, 70, 319-327, 1994.

Reich, P. B., Quantifying plant response to ozone: A unifying theory, Tree Physiology, 3, 63-91, 1987.

Reich, P. B., A. W. Schoettle, H. F. Stroo, and R. G. Amundson, Acid rain and ozone influence mycorrhizal infection in tree seedlings, Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 36, 724-726, 1986.

Reich, P. B., A. W. Schoettle, H. F. Stroo, and R. G. Amundson, Effects of ozone and acid rain on white pine (Pinus strobus) seedlings grown in five soils. III. Nutrient relations, Can. J. Bot., 66, 1517-1531, 1988.

Reich, P. B., J. Oleksyn, and M. G. Tjoelker, Relationship of aluminium and calcium to net CO2exchange amond diverse Scots pine provenances under pollution stress in Poland, Oecologia, 97, 82-92, 1994.

Reiner, S., J. J. J. Wiltshire, C. J. Wright, and J. J. Colls, The impact of ozone and drought on the water relations of ash trees (Fraxinus excelsior L.), J. Plant Physiol., 148, 166-171, 1996.

Rennenberg, H., C. Herschbach, and A. Polle, Consequences of air pollution on shoot-root interactions, J. Plant Physiol., 148, 296-301, 1996.

Renner, R., "Scientific uncertainty" scuttles new acid rain standard, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29, 464A-466A, 1995.

Reuss, J. O., and D. W. Johnson, Effect of soil processes on the acidification of water by acid deposition, J. Environ. Qual., 14, 26-31, 1985.

Reuss, J. O., P. M. Walthall, E. C. Roswall, and R. W. E. Hopper, Aluminum solubility, calcium-aluminum exchange, and pH in acid forest soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54, 374-380, 1990.

Rhue, R. D., and R. S. Mansell, The effect of pH on sodium-calcium and potassium-calcium exchange selectivity for Cecil soil, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 52, 641-647, 1988.

Richardson, C. J., T. W. Sasek, E. A. Fendick, and L. W. Kress, Ozone exposure-response relationships for photosynthesis in genetic strains of loblolly pine seedlings, Forest Ecol. and Management, 51, 163-178, 1992.

Richter, C. M., S. Kranig, and A. Wild, Contents of free amino acids in needles of Norway spruce trees in relation to novel forest decline. Studies on trees from a site in the northern Black Forest, Environ. Pollut., 87, 303-312, 1995.

Richter, C. M., and A. Wild, Phenolic compounds in needles of Norway spruce trees in relation to novel forest decline. I. Studies on trees from a site i the northern Black Forest, Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen, 188, 305-320, 1992.

Richter, C. M., and A. Wild, Contents of free amino acids in needles of Norway spruce trees in relation to novel forest decline. II. Studies on trees from two sites in middle western Germany, Z. Naturforsch., 49c, 619-627, 1994.

Richter, D. D., Sources of acidity in some forested Udults, Soil Science Soc. Am. J., 50, 1584-1589, 1986.

Richter, D. D., P. J. Comer, K. S. King, H. S. Sawin, and D. S. Wright, Effects of low ionic strength solutions on pH of acid forested soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 52, 261-264, 1988.

Richter, D. D., and S. E. Lindberg, Wet deposition estimates from long-term bulk and event wet-only samples of incident precipitation and throughfall, J. Environ. Qual., 17, 619-622, 1988.

Richter, D. D., K. S. King, and J. A. Witter, Moisture and nutrient status of extremely acid Umbrepts in the Black Mountains of North Carolina, Soil Science Soc. Am. J., 53, 1222-1228, 1989.

Richter, D. D., D. Markewitz, C. G. Wells, H. L. Allen, R. April, P. R. Heine, and B. Urrego, Soil chemical change during three decades in an old-field loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) ecosystem, Ecology, 75, 1463-1473, 1994.

Richter, D. D., and D. Markewitz, How deep is the soil?, BioScience, 45, 600-609, 1995.

Richter, D. D., and D. Markewitz, Atmospheric deposition and soil resources of the southern pine forest, Ch. 8 in S. Fox and R. Mickler, Impact of Air Pollutants on Southern Pine Forests, Springer-Verlag, New York, 315-336, 1996.

Rico, M., H. A. Gallego, G. Moreno, I. Santa Regina, Stomatal response of Quercus pyrenaica Willd to environmental factors in two sites differing in their annual rainfall (Sierra de Gata, Spain), Ann. Sci. For., 53, 221-234, 1996.

Riederer, M., The cuticles of conifers: Structure, composition and transport properties, Ch. 3-A in Schulze, E.-D., O. L. Lange, and R. Oren, eds., Forest Decline and Air Pollution, Springer-Verlag, New York, 157-192, 1989.

Riemer, J., and J. B. Whittaker, Air pollution and insect herbivores: Observed interactions and possible mechanisms, Vol. 1, 73-105, 1989.

Rhia, S. J., B. R. James, G. P. Senesac, and E. Pallant, Spatial variability of soil pH and organic matter in forest plantations, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 50, 1347-1352, 1986.

Rizzo, D. M., and T. C. Harrington, Root movement and root damage of red spruce and balsam fir on subalpine sites in the White Mountains, New Hampshire, Can. J. For. Res., 18, 991-1001, 1988.

Robarge, W. P., J. M. Pye, and R. I. Bruck, Foliar elemental composition of spurce-fir in the southern Blue Ridge province, Plant Soil, 114, 19-34, 1989.

Robarge, W. P., V. P. Aneja, and E. B. Cowling, Relationship of atmospheric deposition to throughfall chemistry in a confierous canopy, in R. B. Flagler, ed., The Response of Southern Commercial Forests to Air Pollution, 135-147, 1992.

Robarge, W. P., and D. W. Johnson, The effects of acidic deposition on forested soils, Advances in Agronomy, Vol. 47, 1-83, 1992.

Roberts, B. R., K. F. Jensen, and H. M. Cathey, Modifications of ozone sensitivity in seedlings by ethylenediurea: Soil application vs. stem injection, J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 110, 178-180, 1985.

Roberts, B. R., and W. N. Cannon, Jr., Changes in xylem pressure potential of red spruce seedlings treated with ozone and simulated acid rain, Can. J. For. Res., 19, 1200-1203, 1989.

Roberts, B. R., and W. N. Cannon, Jr., Growth and water relationships of red spruce seedlings exposed to atmospheric deposition and drought, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 193-197, 1992.

Roberts, L., How fast can trees migrate?, Science, 243, 735-737, 1989.

Roberts, T. M., R. A. Skeffington, and L. W. Blank, Causes of type I spruce decline in Europe, Forestry, 62, 179-222, 1989.

Robitaille, G., R. Boutin, and D. Lachance, Effects of soil freezing stress on sap flow and sugar content of mature sugar maples (Acer saccharum), Can. J. For. Res., 25, 577-587, 1994.

Rock, B. N., T. Hoshizaki, and J. R. Miller, Comparison of in situ and airborne spectral measurements of the blue shift associated with forest decline, Remote Sens. Environ., 24, 109-127, 1988.

Rodecap, K. D., and D. T. Tingey, Ozone-induced ethylene release from leaf surfaces, Plant Sci., 44, 73-76, 2986.

Rodriquez, J. G., Nutrition of the host and reaction to pests, in L. P. Reitz (ed.), Biological and Chemical Control of Plant and Animal Pests, Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., Publ. #61, Wash., D. C., 149-167, 1960.

Rogers, H. H., J. C. Campbell, and R. J. Volk, Nitrogen-15 dioxide uptake and incorporation by Phaseolus vulgaris (L.), Science, 206, 333-335, 1979.

Rogers, H. H., H. E. Jeffries, and A. M. Witherspoon, Measuring air pollutant uptake by plants: Nitrogen dioxide, J. Environ. Qual., 8, 551-557, 1979.

Rondón, A., Photoinduced deposition of ozone on the plant leaf cuticle, Science, submitted, 1993.

Rondón, A., C. Johansson, and L. Granat, Dry deposition of nitrogen dioxide and ozone to coniferous forests, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 5159-5172, 1993.

Ronse, A., L. de Temmerman, M. Guns, and R. de Borger, Evolution of acidity, organic matter content, and CEC in uncultivated soils of North Belgium during the past 25 years, Soil Sci., 146, 453-461, 1988.

Rosema, A. G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Radicatti, M. Romuli, P. Mazzinghi, O. van Kooten, and C. Kliffen, Monitoring photosynthetic activity and ozone stress by laser induced fluorescence in trees, Int. J. Remote Sens., 13, 737-751, 1992.

Rosenbaum, B. J., T. C. Strickland, and M. K. McDowell, Mapping critical levels of ozone, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide for crops, forests and natural vegetation in the United States, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 74, 307-319, 1994.

Rosengran-Brinck, U., and B. Nihlgård, Effects of nutritional status on the drought resistance in Norway spruce, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1739-1744, 1995.

Rosengran-Brinck, U., and B. Nihlgård, Nutritional status in needles of Norway spruce in relation to water and nutrient supply, Ecological Bulletins, Copenhagen, 44, 168-177, 1995.

Rosenkranz, T., C. Bareis, J. Braun, and A. Wild, Investigations of the water status of spruce trees in relation to the occurrence of novel forest decline, Plant Physiol. Biochem., 27, 333-340, 1989.

Rothe, G. M., and F. Bergmann, Increased efficiency of Norway spruce heterozygous phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase phenotype in response to heavy air pollution, Anger. Bot., 69, 27-30, 1995.

Rücker, Th., and Th. Peer, Die Pilzflora des Hellbrunner Berges: Ein historischer Vergleich, Ber. Nat.-Med. Ver. Salzburg, 9, 147-161, 1988.

Rudinsky, J. A., Scolytid beetles associated with Douglas fir: Response to terpenes, Science, 152, 218-219, 1966.

Ruess, L., W. Funke, and A. Breunig, Influence of experimental acidification on nematodes, bacteria and fungi: Soil microcosms and field experiments, Zool. Jb. Syst., 120, 189-199, 1993.

Ruess, L., and W. Funke, Nematode fauna of a spruce stand associated with forest decline, Acta Zool. Fennica, 196, 348-351, 1995.

Ruess, L., P. Sandbach, P. Cudlin, J. Dighton, and A. Crossley, Acid deposition in a spruce forest soil: Effects on nematodes, mycorrhiza and fungal biomass, Pedobiologia, 40, 51-66, 1996.

Ruijgrok, W., C. I. Davidson, and K. W. Nicholson, Dry deposition of particles, Tellus, 47B, 587-601, 1995.

Ruijgrok, W., H. Tieben, and P. Eisinga, The dry deposition of particles to a forest canopy, Atmos. Environ., in press, 1996.

Runke, J. R., Eight years change in an old Tsuga canadensis woods affected by beech bark disease, Bull. Torrey Botanical Club, 117, 409-419, 1990.

Running, S. W., and S. T. Gower, FOREST-BGC, A general model of forest ecosystem processes for regional applications. II. Dynamic carbon allocation and nitrogen budgets, Tree Physiol., 9, 147-160, 1991.

Rust, S., D. Lüttschwager, and R. F. Hüttl, Transpiration and hydraulic conductivity in three Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands with different air pollution histories, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1677-1682, 1995.

Rustad, L. E., I. J. Fernandez, R. D. Fuller, M. B. David, S. C. Nodvin, and W. A. Halteman, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 47, 117-134, 1993.

Ruth, B., The fluorescence induction kinetics as a non-destructive tool for investigating spruce treated with ozone, Radiat. Environ. Biophys., 29, 57-73, 1990.

Ruth, B., Measurement of the chlorophyll fluorescence induction kinetics with a 10 µs time resolution and its application in the forest decline research, Radiat. Environ. Biophys., 30, 321-332, 1991.

Ruth, B., E. Hoque, B. Weisel, and P. J. S. Hutzler, Reflectance and fluorescence parameters of needles of Norway spruce affected by forest decline, Remote Sens. Environ., 38, 35-44, 1991.

Ruth, B., and B. Weisel, Investigations on the photosynthetic system of spruce affected by forest decline and ozone fumigation in closed chambers, Environ. Pollut., 79, 31-35, 1993.

Ryan, D. A. J., O. B. Allen, D. L. McLaughlin, and A. M. Gordon, Interpretation of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) ring chronologies from central and southern Ontario using a mixed linear model, Can. J. For. Res., 24, 568-575, 1994; erratum p. 2139.

Rygiewicz, P. T., and C. P. Andersen, Mycorrhizae alter quality and quantity of carbon allocated below ground, Nature, 369, 58-60, 1994.

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Articles A-B C-D E-F G-H I-J K-L M-N O-P Q-R S-T U-V W-X Y-Z

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