Forest Health Bibliography
Eagar, C., Review of biology and ecology of the balsam wooly aphid in
southern Appalachian spruce-fir forests, in P. S. White, ed., The Southern
Appalachian Spruce-Fir Ecosystem: Its Biology and Threats, Research/Resources
Management Report SER-71, pp. 36-50, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National
Park Service, Washington, DC, 1984.
Eamus, D., J. D. Barnes, L. Mortensen, H. Ro-Poulsen, and A. W. Davison,
Persistent stimulation of CO2 assimilation and stomatal conductance
by summer ozone fumigation in Norway spruce, Environ. Pollut., 63, 365-379,
Eamus, D., and M. B. Murray, The impact of constituent ions of acid
mist on assimilation and stomatal conductance of Norway spruce prior and
post midwinter freezing, Environ. Pollution, 79, 135-142, 1993.
Eckersten, H., A. Gärdenäs, and P.-E. Jansson, Modelling seasonal
nitrogen, carbon, water and heat dynamics of the Solling spruce stand,
Ecological Modelling, 83, 119-129, 1995.
Eder, B. K., A principal component analysis of SO42-
precipitation concentrations over the eastern United States, Atmos. Environ.,
23, 2739-3750, 1989.
Eder, B. K., J. M. Davis, and P. Bloomfield, A characterization of the
spatiotemporal variability of non-urban ozone concentrations over the eastern
United States, Atmos. Environ., 27A, 2645-2668, 1993.
Edmonds, R. L., and F. A. Basabe, Ozone concentrations above a Douglas
fir forest canopy in western Washington, U.S.A., Atmos. Environ., 23, 625-629,
Edwards, G. S., P. A. Pier, and J. M. Kelly, Influence of ozone and
soil magnesium status on the cold hardiness of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda
L.) seedlings, New Phytol., 115, 157-164, 1990.
Edwards, G. S., N. T. Edwards, J. M. Kelly, and P. A. Mays, Ozone, acidic
precipitation, and soil Mg effects on growth and nutrition of loblolly
pine seedlings, Environ. Experimental Bot., 31, 67-78, 1991.
Edwards, G. S., S. D. Wullschleger, and J. M. Kelly, Growth and physiology
of northern red oak: Preliminary comparisons of mature tree and seedling
responses to ozone, Environ. Pollut., 83, 215-221, 1994.
Edwards, G. S., R. E. Sherman, and J. M. Kelly, Red spruce and loblolly
pine nutritional responses to acidic precipitation and ozone, Environ.
Pollut., 89, 9-15, 1995.
Edwards, N. T., Root and soil respiration responses to ozone in Pinus
taeda L. seedlings, New Phytol., 118, 315-321, 1991.
Edwards, N. T., Three-year growth responses of Pinus taeda L. to simulated
rain chemistry, soil magnesium status, and ozone, Water, Air and Soil Pollut.,
63, 105-118, 1992.
Egli, M., and P. Fitze, The influence of increased NH4+
deposition rates on aluminium chemistry in the percolate of acid soils,
European J. Soil Science, 46, 439-447, 1995.
Eldred, R. A., and T. A. Cahill, Trends in elemental concentrations
of fine particles at remote sites in the United States, Atmos Environ.,
28A, 1009-1019, 1994.
Elfving, B., and L. Tegnhammar, Trends in tree growth in Swedish forests
1953-1992: An analysis based on sample trees from the National Forest Inventory,
Scand. J. For. Res., 11, 26-37, 1996.
Ellsworth, D. S., and X. Liu, Photosynthesis and canopy nutrition of
four sugar maple forests on acid soils in northern Vermont, Can. J. For.
Res., 24, 2118-2127, 1994.
Elvira, S., R. Alonso, R. Inclan, V. Bermejo, F. J. Castillo, and B.
S. Gimeno, Ozone effects on Aleppo pine seedlings (Pinus halepensis Mill.)
grown in open-top chambers, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1387-1392,
Ember, L., Concern mounts over acid rain control strategy, Chem. &
Eng. News., 18-19, Sept. 3, 1984.
Emmett, B. A., P. A. Stevens, and B. Reynolds, Factors influencing nitrogen
saturation in Sitka spruce stands in Wales, UK, Water, Air and Soil Pollution,
85, 1629-1634, 1995.
Emmett, B. A., and B. Reynolds, Nitroten critical loads for spruce plantations
in Wales: Is there too much nitrogen?, Forestry, 69, 205-214, 1996.
Enders, G., R. Dlugi, R. Steinbrecher, B. Clement, R. Daiber, et al.,
Biosphere/atmosphere interactions: Integrated research in a European coniferous
forest ecosystem, Atmos. Environ., 26A, 171-189, 1992.
Englin, J., and J. M. Callaway, Environmental impacts of sequestering
carbon through forestation, Climatic Change, 31, 67-78, 1995.
Épron, D., and E. Dreyer, Long-term effects of drought on photosynthrsis
of adult oak trees [Quercus patreae (Matt.) Liebl. and Quercus robur L.]
in a natural stand, New Phytol., 125, 381-389, 1993.
Épron, D., and E. Dreyer, Starch and soluble carbohydrates in
leaves of water-stressed oak saplings, Ann. Sci. For., 53, 263-268, 1996.
Ericsson, T., A. Göransson, H. van Oene, and G. Gobran, Interactions
between aluminium, calcium and magnesium - Impacts on nutrition and growth
of forest trees, Ecolog. Bulletins, 44, 191-196, 1995.
Esher, R. J., D. H. Marx, S. J. Ursic, R. L. Baker, L. R. Brown, and
D. C. Coleman, Simulated acid rain effects on fine roots, ectomycorrhizae,
microorganisms, and invertebrates in pine forests of the southern United
States, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 61, 269-278, 1992.
Evans, L. S., Proposed mechanisms of initial injury-causing dieback
in red spruce at high elevation in eastern North America, Can. J. For.
Res., 16, 1113-1116, 1986.
Evans, L. S., and I. P. Ting, Ozone sensitivity of leaves: Relationship
to leaf water content, gas transfer resistance, and anatomical characteristics,
Am. J. Bot., 61, 592-597, 1974.
Evans, L. S., and P. T. Biesemeyer, Initial twig injury to high elevation
Picea rubens in eastern North America caused by inadequate periderm formation,
Amer. J. BOt., 75, 1378-1386, 1988.
Evans, L. S., J. H. Adamski II, and J. R. Renfro, Relationships between
cellular injury, visible injury of leaves, and ozone exposure levels for
several dicotyledonous pland species at Great Smoky Mountains National
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Evinger, V. T., and F. S. Chapin III, Plant-microbial interactions,
Nature, 385, 26-27, 1997.
Fajer, E. D., M. D. Bowers, and F. A. Bazzaz, The effect of enriched
carbon dioxide atmospheres on plant/insect herbivore interactions, Science,
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Falappi, D., A. Farini, G. Ranalli, and C. Sorlini, Effects of simulated
acid rain on some microbiological parameters of subacid soil, Chemosphere,
28, 1087-1095, 1994.
Falkengren-Grerup, U., J. Brunet, M. E. Quist, and G. Tyler, Is the
Ca:Al ratio superior to pH, Ca or Al concentrtions in accounting for the
distribution of plants in deciduous forest?, Plant and Soil, 177, 21-31,
Farege, P. K., The effect of ozone fumigation over one season on phototynthetic
processes of Quercus robur seedlings, New Phytol., 134, 279-285, 1996.
Fay, J. A., D. Golomb, and S. Kumar, Source apportionment of wet sulfate
deposition in eastern North America, Atmos. Environ., 19, 1773-1782, 1985.
Fay, J. A., D. Golomb, and S. Kumar, Modeling of the 1900-1980 trend
of precipitation acidity at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, Atmos. Environ.,
20, 1825-1828, 1986.
Fay, J. A., D. Golomb, and S. Kumar, Anthropogenic nitrogen oxide transport
and deposition in eastern North America, Atmos. Environ., 21, 61-68, 1986.
Fay, J. A., S. Kumar, and D. Golomb, Annual and semi-annual anthropogenic
sulfur budget for eastern North America, Atmos. Environ., 20, 1497-1500,
Fay, J. A., D. Golomb, and S. G. Zemba, Observed and modeled trend of
sulfate and nitrate in precipitation in eastern North America, Atmos. Environ.,
23, 1863-18xx, 1989.
Feddema, J. J., and T. C. Meierding, Marble weathering and air pollution
in Philadelphia, Atmos. Environ., 21, 143-157, 1987.
Federer, C. A., and J. W. Hornbeck, Expected decrease in diameter of
even-aged red spruce, Can. J. For. Res., 17, 266-269, 1987.
Fellner, R., Mycorrhizae-forming fungi in climax forest communities
at a timberline in Giant Mountains, Ceska Mykol., 37, 109, 1983.
Fellner, R., Mycorrhizae-forming fungi as bioindicators of air pollution,
Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 28, 115-120, 1989.
Fellner, R., and F. Soukup, Mycological monitoring in the air-polluted
regions of the Czech Repubic, Commun. Institute Forestalis Chechoslovaca,
17, 125-137, 1991.
Fellner, R., and V. Peková, Effects of industrial pollutants
on ectomycorrhizal relationships in temperate forests, Can. J. Bot., 73
(Suppl. 1), S1310-S1315, 1994.
Fenn, M., Increased site fertility and litter decomposition rate in
high-pollution sites in the San Bernardino Mountains, Forest Sci., 37,
Fenn, M. E., and P. H. Dunn, Litter decomposition across an air-pollution
gradient in the San Bernardino Mountains, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 53, 1560-1567,
Fenn, M. E., and A. Bytnerowicz, Dry deposition of nitrogen and sulfur
to ponderosa and Jeffrey pine in the San Bernardino National Forest in
Southern California, Environ. Pollut., 81, 277-285, 1993.
Fenn, M. E., and A. Bytnerowicz, Throughfall chemistry of ponderosa
pine exposed to wet and dry acidic deposition, drought, ozone,and nitric
acid, Can. J. For. Res., 25, 88-100, 1995.
Fenn, M. E., M. A. Poth, and D. W. Johnson, Evidence for nitrogen saturation
in the San Bernardino Mountains in Southern California, Forest Ecology
& Management, 82, 211-236, 1996.
Fenn, M. E., and A. Bytnerowicz, Summer throughfall and winter deposition
in the San Bernardino Mountains in Southern California, Atmos. Environ.,
31, 673-683, 1997.
Fernandez, I. J., Effects of acidic precipitation on soil productivity,
in D. C. Adriano and A. H. Johnson, eds., Acidic Precipitation, Vol.
2, Biological and Ecological Effects, Springer-Verlag, New York, 61-83,
Fernandez, I. J., and L. E. Rustad, Soil response to S and N treatments
in a northern New England low elevation coniferous forest, Water, Air and
Soil Pollution, 52, 23-39, 1990.
Fernandez, I. J., Characterization of eastern U.S. spruce-fir soils,
Ch. 2 in C. Eagar and M. B. Adams, eds., Ecology and Decline of Red
Spruce in the Eastern United States, Springer-Verlag, NY, pp. 40-63,
Fernandez, I. J., Soil-solution chemistry in a low-elevation spruce-fir
ecosystem, Howland, Maine, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 84, 129-145, 1995.
Ferretti, M., E. Cenni, F. Bussotti, and P. Batistoni, Vehicle-induced
lead and cadmium contamination of roadside soil and plants in Italy, Chemisty
and Ecology, 11, 213-228, 1995.
Ferrier, R. C., R. F. Wright, B. J. Cosby, and A. Jenkins, Application
of the MAGIC model to the Norway spruce stand at Solling, Germany, Ecological
Modelling, 83, 77-84, 1995.
Field, C. B., R. S. Chapin III, P. A. Matson, and H. A. Mooney, Responses
of terrestrial ecosystems to the changing atmosphere: A resource-based
approach, Ann. Rev. Ecol. and Systematics, 23, 201-235, 1992.
Field, C. B., Arctic chill for CO2 uptake, Nature, 371, 472-473,
Filipe, T., The content of exchangeable aluminium in soils and plant
growth, J. Ecol. Chem., 3, 367-375, 1994.
Fincher, J., and R. G. Alscher, The effect of long-term ozone exposure
on injury in seedlings of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.), New Phytol.,
120, 49-59, 1992.
Findlay, S., and C. G. Jones, Exposure of cottonwood plants to ozone
alters subsequent decomposition, Oecologia, 82, 248-250, 1990.
Findlay, S., M. Carreiro, V. Krischik, and C. G. Jones, Effects of damage
to living plants on leaf litter quality, Ecological Applic., 6, 269-275,
Fink, S., Microscopice criteria for the diagnosis of abiotic injuries
to conifer needles, in Huettl & Mueller-Dombois, eds., Forest Decline
in the Atlantic and Pacific Region, Springer-Verlag, 175-188, 1993.
Firestone, M. K., J. G. McColl, K. S. Killham, and P. D. Brooks, Microbial
response to acid deposition and effects on plant productivity, Ch. 5 in
Linthurst, Direct and Indirect Effects of Acidic Deposition on Vegetation,
Butterworth Pub., Boston, 51-63, 1984.
Firor, J., Climate change: Does it matter?, Rev. Geophys., Supplem.
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Fischer, Th., Ch. Bergmann, and R. F. Hüttl, Soil carbon and nitrogen
budget in Scots pine (Pinus sylvertris L.) stands along an air pollution
gradient in eastern Germany, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1671-1676,
Flowers, E. C., R. A. McCormick, and K. R. Kurfis, Atmospheric turbidity
over the United States, 1961-1966, J. Appl. Meteorol., 8, 955-962, 1969.
Flückiger, W., and J. J. Oertli, Observations of an aphid infestation
on hawthorn in the vicinity of a motorway, Naturwissenschaften, 65, 654-655?,
Flückiger, W., and S. Braun, Revitalization of an alpine protective
forest by fertilization, Plant and Soil, 168-169, 481-488, 1995.
Flum, T., and S. C. Nodvin, Factors affecting stramwater chemistry in
the Great Smoky Mountains, USA, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1707-1712,
Flynn, J., Forest without trees, How Congress was duped about acid rain's
effects, Amicus Journal (NRDC), 13, 28-33, 1991.
Flynn, F., The 1995 southern West Virginia foliar damage event, News
from the Mother Forest, No. 6, 2-3, Oct. 1995.
Fog, K., The effect of added nitrogen on the rate of decomposition of
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Foot, J. P., S. J. M. Caporn, J. A. Lee, and T. W. Ashenden, The effect
of long-term ozone fumigation on the growth, physiology and frost sensitivity
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Forget, E., and J. Zayed, Tree-ring analysis for monitoring pollution
by metals, Ch. 7 in T. E. Lewis, ed., Tree Rings as Indicators of Ecosystem
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Forschner, W., V. Schmitt, and A. Wild, Investigations on the starch
content and ultrastructure of spruce needles relative to the occurrence
of novel forest decline, Botanica Acta, 102, 208-221, 1989.
Fouché, P. S., and N. W. Booysen, Assessment of crop stress conditions
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Tree-ring variation in western larch (Larix occidentalis) exposed to sulfur
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Franken, G., M. Pijpers, and E. Matzner, Aluminium chemistry of the
soil solution in an acid forest soil as influenced by percolation rate
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Franklin, F. J., F. J. Swanson, M. E. Harmon, D. A. Perry, T. A. Spies,
V. H. Dale, A. McKee, W. K. Ferrell, and J. E. Means, Effects of global
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Frelich, L. E., J. G. Bockheim, and J. E. Leide, Historical trends in
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Frey, B., C. Scheidegger, M. S. Günthardt-Goerg, and R. Matyssek,
The effects of ozone and nutrient supply on stomatal response in birch
(Betula pendula) leaves as determined by digital image-analysis and X-ray
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Friedland, A. J., E. K. Miller, J. J. Battles, and J. F. Thorne, Nitrogen
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Friedland, A. J., B. W. Craig, E. K. Miller, G. T. Herrick, T. G. Siccama,
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Fritze, H., O. Kiikkilä, J. Pasanen, and J. Pietikäinen, Reaction
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gradient next to an oil refinery, Plant and Soil., 140, 175-182, 1992.
Fritze, H., and E. Bååth, Microfungal species composition
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Fritze, H., P. Vahnala, J. Pietikäinen, and E. Mälkönen,
Vitality fertilization of Scots pine stands growing along a gradient of
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