FOREST HEALTH BIBLIOGRAPHY

Articles A-B

Aamlid, D., K. Venn, and A. O. Staunes, Forest decline in Norway: Monitoring results, international links and hypotheses, Nor. J. Agric. Sci., Suppl. 4, 1-27, 1990.

Aamlid, D., and K. Venn, Methods of monitoring the effects of air pollution on forest and vegetation of eastern Finnmark, Norway, Nor. J. Agric. Sci., 7, 71-87, 1993.

Aamlid, D., et al., Determination of exceedance of critical levels in the border area between Norway and Russia, in Effects of air pollutants on terrestrial exosystems in the border area between Norway and Russia, Proc. second symp., Svanvik, Norway, 3-5 Oct. 1994, E. Løbersli and K. Venn, eds., 19-23.

Abbott, A., Researchers contest reports of tree death, Nature, 383, 205, 1996.

Aber, J. D., Nitrogen cycling and nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems, Trends in Ecology and Evolution (TREE), 7, 220-223, 1992.

Aber, J., K. J. Nadelhoffer, P. Steudler, and J. M. Melillo, Nitrogen saturation in northern forest ecosystems, Bioscience, 39, 378-386, 1989.

Aber, J. D., and C. A. Federer, A generalized, lumped-parameter model of photosynthesis, evapotranspiration and net primary production in temperate and boreal forest ecosystems, Oecologia, 92, 463-474, 1992.

Aber, J.D., C. Driscoll, C.A. Federer, R. Lathrop, G. Lovett, J.M. Melillo, P. Steudler, and J. Vogelman, A strategy for the regional analysis of the effects of physical and chemical climate change on biogeochemical cycles in northeastern (U.S.) forests, Ecol. Modelling, 67, 37-47, 1993.

Aber, J. D., A. Magill, R. Boone, J. M. Melillo, P. Steudler, and R. Bowden, Plant and soil responses to chronic nitrogen additions at the Harvard Forest, Massachusetts, Ecological Applications, 3, 156-166, 1993.

Aber, J. D., A. Magill, S. G. McNulty, R. D. Boone, K. J. Nadelhoffer, M. Downs, and R. Hallett, Forest biogeochemistry and primary production altered by nitrogen saturation, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 85, 1665-1670, 1995.

Abrams, M. D., Adaptations and responses to drought in Quercus species of North America, Tree Physiology, 7, 227-238, 1990.

Abrams, M. D., Distribution, historical development and ecophysiological attributes of oak species in the eastern United States, Ann. Sci. FOr., 53, 487-512, 1996.

Abrams, M. D., D. A. Orwig, and T. E. Demeo, Dendroecological analysis of successional dynamics for a presettlement-origin white-pine-mixed-oak forest in the southern Appalachians, USA, J. Ecol., 83, 123-133, 1995.

Adamowicz, A., J. M. Skelly, and L. H. McCormick, Temporal changes in Norway spruce foliar nutrients and response to fertilization, in Huettl/Mueller-Dombois (eds.), Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific Region, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 144-161, 1993.

Adams, H. S., S. B. McLaughlin, T. J. Blasing, and D. N. Duvick, A survey of radial growth trends in spruce in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park as influenced by topography, age, and stand development, ORNL/TM-11424, Oak Ridge National Lab., 1990.

Adams, M. B., P. J. Edwards, F. Wood, and J. N. Kochenderfer, Artificial watershed acidification on the Fernow Experimental Forest, USA, J. Hydrology, 150, 505-519, 1993.

Adams, M. B., J. N. Kochenderfer, T. R. Angradi, and P. J. Edwards, Nutrient budgets of two watersheds on the Fernow Experimental Forest, in K. W. Gottschalk and S. L. Fosbroke, eds., Proc., 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conf., March 5-8, 1995, Morgantown, WV, Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-1987, Radnor, Penn., Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, NEFES: 119-130.

Ågren, G. I., Model analysis of some consequences of acid precipitation on forest growth, in Ecological Effects of Acid Deposition, National Swedish Environ. Protection Board, Report PM 1636 (1983).

Ågren, G. I., and E. Bosatta, Nitrogen saturation of terrestrial ecosystems, Environ. Pollut., 54, 185-197, 1988.

Ainsworth, N., I. Fumagalli, A. Giorcelli, L. Mignanego, G. Schenone, and L. Vietto, Assessment of EDU stem injections as a technique ot investigate teh response of trees to ambient ozone in field conditions, Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environ., 59, 33-42, 1996.

Albaugh, T. J., F. L. Mowry, and L. W. Kress, A field chamber for testing air pollution effects on mature trees, J. Environ. Qual., 21, 476-485, 1992.

Alewell, C., and E. Matzner, Reversibility of soil solution acidity and of sulfate retention in acid forst soils, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 71, 155-165, 1993.

Alewell, C., B. Manderscheid, A. Lükewille, P. Koeppe, and J. Prenzel, Describint soil SO42-dynamics in the Solling roof project with two different modelling approaches, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1801-1806, 1995.

Alexander, J. D., J. R. Donnelly, and J. B. Shane, Photosynthetic and transpirational responses of red spruce understory trees to light and temperature, Tree Physiol., 15, 393-398, 1995.

Alfonssi, D., S. Sandroni, and S. Viarengo, Tropospheric ozone in the nineteenth century: The Moncalieri series, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 17,349-17,352, 1991.

Allen, D. C., C. J. Barnett, I. Millers, and D. Lachance, Temporal change (1988-1990) in sugar maple health, and factors associated with crown condition, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 1776-1784, 1992.

Allen, E. R., and H. L. Gholz, Air quality and atmospheric deposition in southern U.S. forests, Ch. 3 in Fox, S., and R. A. Mickler, eds., Impact of Air Pollutants on Southern Pine Forests, Springer-Verlag, NY, 83-170, 1996.

Allen, O. B., D. A. J. Ryan, and D. L. McLaughlin, The analysis of tree ring chronologies using a mixed linear model, Proc. Kansas State Conf. on Applied Statistics in Agriculture, Ma nhattan, KS, 161-169, 1992.

Altwicker, E. R., and A. H. Johannes, Spatial and historical trends in acidic deposition: A graphical intersite comparison, Atmos. Environ., 21, 129-135, 1987.

American Meteorological Society, Acid deposition, policy statement, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 70, 1039-1040, 1989.

Amorini, E., M. Biocca, M. C. Manetti, and E. Motta, A dendroecological study in a declining oak coppice stand, Ann. Sci. For., 53, 731-742, 1996.

Amundson, R. G., R. J. Kohut, and J. A. Laurence, Mineral nutrition, carbohydrate content and cold tolerance of foliage of potted red spruce exposed to ozone and simulated acidic precipitation treatments, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 54, 175-182, 1990/91.

Amundson, R. G., R. G. Alscher, S. Fellows, G. Rubin, J. Fincher, P. Van Leuken, and L. H. Weinstein, Seasonal changes in the pigments, carbohydrates and growth of red spruce as affected by exposure to ozone for two growing seasons, New Phytol., 118, 127-137, 1991.

Amundson, R. G., J. L. Hadley, J. F. Fincher, S. Fellows, and R. G. Alscher, Comparisons of seasonal changes in photosynthetic capacity, pigments, and carbohydrates of health sapling and mature red spruce and of declining and healthy red spruce, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 1605-1616, 1992.

Amundson, R. G., R. J. Kohut, and J. A. Laurence, Influence of foliar N on foliar soluble sugars and starch of red spruce saplings exposed to ambient and elevated ozone, Tree Physiol., 15, 167-174, 1995.

Andersen, C. P., and S. B. McLaughlin, Seasonal changes in shoot water relations of Picea rubens at two high elevation sites in the Smoky Mountains, Tree Physiology, 8, 11-21, 1991.

Andersen, C. P., W. E. Hogsett, R. Wessling, and M. Plocher, Ozone decreases spring root growth and root carbohydrate content in ponderosa pine the year following exposure, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 1288-1291, 1991.

Andersen, C. P., S. B. McLaughlin, and W. K. Roy, A comparison of seasonal patterns of photosynthate production and use in branches of red spruce saplings at two elevations, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 455-461, 1991.

Andersen, C. P., S. B. McLaughlin, and W. K. Roy, Foliar injury symptoms and pigment concentrations in red spruce saplings in the southern Appalachians, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 1119-1123, 1991.

Andersen, C. P., and P. T. Rygiewicz, Allocation of carbon in mycorrhizal Pinus ponderosa seedlings exposed to ozone, New Phytol., 131, 471-480, 1995.

Anderson, R. L., H. D. Brown, B. I. Chevone, and T. C. McCartney, Occurrence of air pollution symptoms (needle tip necrosis and chlorotic mottling) in eastern white pine in the southern Appalachian Mountains, Plant Disease, 72, 130-132, 1988.

Anderson, R. L., P. Berrang, J. Knighten, K. A. Lawton, and K. O. Britton, Pretreating dogwood seedlings with simulated acidic precipitation increases anthracnose symptoms in greenhouse-laboratory trials, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 55-58, 1993.

Andersson (Quist), M., Toxicity and tolerance of aluminium in vascular plants, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 39, 439-462, 1988.

Ando, J., SO2 and NOx abatement: Energy economics and influences on greenhouse gases and acid rain, Ch. 26 in J. G. Calvert, ed., The Chemistry of the Atmosphere: Its Impact on Global Change, Blackwell Scientific Pub., Boston, 363-376, 1994.

Aneja, V. P., C. S. Claiborn, R. L. Bradow, R. J. Paur, and R. E. Baungardner, Dynamic chemcial characterization of montane clouds, Atmos. Environ., 24A, 563-572, 1990.

Aneja, V. P., S. Businger, Z. Li, C. S. Claiborn, and A. Murthy, Ozone climatology at high elevations in the Southern Appalachians, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 1007-1021, 1991.

Aneja, V. P., W. P. Robarge, C. S. Claiborn, A. Murthy, D. Soo-Kim, and Z. Li, Chemical climatology of high elevation spruce-fir forests in the southern Appalachian mountains, Environ. Pollut., 75, 89-96, 1992.

Aneja, V. P., C. S. Claiborn, Z. Li, and A. Murthy, Trends, seasonal variations, and analysis of high-elevation surface nitric acid, ozone, and hydrogen peroxide, Atmos. Environ., 28, 1781-1790, 1994.

Aneja, V. P., and Z. Li, Characterization of ozone at high elevation in the eastern United States: Trends, seasonal variations, and exposure, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 9873-9888, 1992.

Aneja, V. P., Z. Li, and M. Das, Ozone case studies at high elevation in the eastern United States, Chemosphere, 29, 1711-1733, 1994.

Aneja, V. P., and A. B. Murthy, Monitoring deposition of nitrogen-containing compounds in a high-elevation forest canopy, J. Air & Waste Management Assoc., 44, 1109-1115, 1994.

Antonovsky, M. Ya., R. A. Fleming, Yu. A. Kuznetzov, and W. C. Clark, Forest-pest interaction dynamics: The simplest mathematical models, Theoretical Population Biology, 37, 343-367, 1990.

Anttonen, S., J. Herranen, P. Peura, and L. Kärenlampi, Fatty acids and ultrastructure of ozone-exposed aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) needles, Environ. Pollut., 87, 235-242, 1995.

Anttonen, S., and L. Kärenlampi, Fatty acids, starch and biomass of Scots pine needles and roots in open-air ozone exposure, Trees, 10, 74-82, 1995.

Anttonen, S., and L. Kärenlampi, Slightly elevated ozone exposure causes cell structural changes in needles and roots of Scots pine, Trees, 10, 207-217, 1996.

Appleton, E. L., A cross-media approach to saving the Chesapeake Bay, Environ. Sci. Technol., 29, 550A-555A, 1995.

Applin, K. R., and J. M. Jersak, Effects of airborne particulate matter on the acidity of precipitation in central Missouri, Atmos. Environ., 20, 965-969, 1986.

Archambault, S., and Y. Bergeron, An 802-year tree-ring chronology from the Quebec boreal forest, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 674-682, 1992.

Arnolds, E., Decline of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Europe, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 35, 209-244, 1991.

Arnolds, E., Conservation and management of natural populations of edible fungi, Can. J. Bot., 73 (Suppl. 1), S987-S998, 1995.

Aronsson, A., Frost hardiness of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). II. Hardiness during winter and spring in young trees of different mineral nutrient status, Stud. For. Suec., 155, 1-27, 1980.

Arp, P. A., and J. Manasc, Red spruce stands downwind from a coal-burning power generator: Tree-ring analysis, Can. J. For. Res., 18, 251-264, 1988.

Arp, P. A., T. Oja, and M. Marsh, Calculating critical S and N loaks and current exceedances for upland forests in southern Ontario, Canada, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 696-709, 1996.

Arpin, P., Experimental modifications of litter supplies in a forest mull and reaction of the nematode fauna, Fundament. Appl. Nematol., 18, 371-389, 1995.

Auclair, A. N. D., Extreme winter temperature fluctuation, root and sapwood injury, and oak dieback in central Europe, Proc. Internat. Congress, Recent Advances in Studies on Oak Decline, Selva di Fasano (Brindisi), Italy, 139-148, Sept. 13-18, 1992.

Auclair, A. N. D., Extreme climatic fluctuations as a cause of forest dieback in the Pacific rim, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 66, 207-229, 1993.

Auclair, A. N. D., H. C. Martin, and S. L. Walker, A case study of forest decline in western Canada and the adjacent Untied States, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 53, 13-31, 1990.

Auclair, A. N. D., P. D. Egliinton, and S. L. Minnemeyer, Principal forest dieback episodes in northern hardwoods: A synthesis and etiological analysis, draft manuscript, 1995.

Auclair, J. L., Aphid feeding and nutrition, Annu. Rev. Entomol., 8, 439-490, 1963.

Audley, D. E., and J. M. Skelly, A Phomopsis species associated with nonlethal adelgid galls on upper crown branchlets of red spruce in West Virginia, Plant Disease, 78, 569-571, 1994.

Avila, A., Time trends in the precipitation chemistry at a mountain site in northeastern Spain for the period 1983-1994, Atmos. Environ., 30, 1363-1373, 1996.

Aulenbach, B. T., R. P. Hooper, and O. P. Bricker, Trends in the chemistry and surface water in a national network of small watersheds, Hydrological Processes, 10, 151-181, 1996.

Ayers, G. P., and K. K. Yeung, Acid deposition in Hong Kong, Atmos. Environ., 30, 1581-1587, 1996.

Baath, E., B. Lundgren, and B. Söderström, Effects of artificial acid rain on microbial activity and biomass, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 23, 737-740, 1979.

Baba, M., M. Okazaki, and T. Hashitani, Effect of acidic deposition on forested andisols in th Tama Hill region of Japan, Environ. Pollut., 89, 97-106, 1995.

Bäck, J., S. Huttunen, and U. Kristen, Carbohydrate distribution and cellular injuries in acid rain and cold-treated spruce needles, Trees, 8, 75-84, 1993.

Bäck, J., S. Neuvonen, and S. Huttunen, Pine needle growth and fine structure after prolonged acid rain treatment in the subarctic, Plant, Cell and Environment, 17, 1009-1021, 1994.

Bäck, J., S. Huttunen, M. Turunen, and J. Lamppu, Effects of acid rain on growth and nutrient concentrations in Scots pine and Norway spruce seedlings grown in a nutrient-rich soil, Environ. Pollut., 89, 177-187, 1995.

Badiani, M., G. Lorenzini, A. R. Paolacci, and L. Varvaro, Ozone enhances the infection of peach leaves by the rust fungus Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae, Fresenius Environ. Bull., 2, 596-601, 1993.

Badiani, M., J. Fuhrer, A. R. Paolacci, and G. G. Sermanni, Deriving critical levels for ozone effects on peach trees (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) grown in open-top chambers in central Italy, Fresenius Envir. Bull., 5, 592-597, 1996.

Baedecker, P. A., M. M. Reddy, K. J. Reimann, and C. A. Sciammarella, Effects of acidic deposition on the erosion of carbonate stone--experimental results from the U.S. National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP), Atmos. Environ., 26B, 147-158, 1992.

Bahl, A., and G. Kahl, Air pollutant stress changes the steady-state transcript levels of three photosynthesis genes, Environ. Pollut., 88, 57-65, 1995.

Bahl, A., M. Loitsch, and G. Kahl, Transcriptional activation of plant defence genes by short-term air pollutant stress, Environ. Pollut., in press.

Bailey, S. W., J. W. Hornbeck, C. T. Driscoll, and H. E. Gaudette, Calcium inputs and transport in a base-poor forest ecosystem as interpreted by Sr isotopes, Water Resources Res., 32, 707-719, 1996.

Baisden, W. T., J. D. Blum, E. K. Miller, and A. J. Friedland, Elemental concentrations in fresh snowfall across a regional transect in the northeastern U.S.: Apparent sources and contribution to acidity, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 84, 269-286, 1995.

Baker, T. R., H. L. Allen, M. M. Schoeneberger, and L. W. Kress, Nutritional response of loblolly pine exposed to ozone and simulated acid rain, Can. J. For. Res., 24, 453-461, 1994.

Baker, T. R., and H. L. Allen, Ozone effects on nutrient resorption in loblolly pine, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 1634-1642, 1996.

Ball, R. J., and G. D. Robinson, The origin of haze in the central United States and its effect on solar radiation, J. Appl. Meteorol., 21, 171-188, 1982.

Barnes, J. D., D. Eamus, A. W. Davison, H. Ro-Poulsen, and L. Mortensen, Persistent effects of ozone on needle water loss and wettability in Norway spruce, Environ. Pollut., 63, 345-363, 1990.

Barnes, R. L., Effects of chronic exposure to ozone on soluble sugar and ascorbic acid contents of pine seedlings, Can. J. Bot., 50, 215-219, 1972.

Baron, J., and A. S. Denning, The influence of mountain meteorology on precipitation chemistry at low and high elevations of the Colorado Front Range, U.S.A., Atmos. Environ., 27A, 2337-2349, 1993.

Barrie, L. A., and J. M. Hales, The spatial distributions of precipitation acidity and major ion wet deposition in North America during 1980, Tellus, 36B, 333-355, 1984.

Battles, J. J., and T. J. Fahey, Spruce decline as a disturbance event in the subalpine forests of the northeastern United States, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 408-421, 1996.

Bauce, E., and D. C. Allen, Etiology of a sugar maple decline, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 686-693, 1991.

Bauce, E., and D. C. Allen, Condition of the fine roots of sugar maple in different stages of decline, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 264-266, 1992.

Bauce, E., and D. C. Allen, Role of Armillaria calvescens and Glycobius speciosus in a sugar maple decline, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 549-552, 1992.

Bauer, S., H. Galliano, F. Pfeiffer, B. Messner, H. Sandermann, Jr., and D. Ernst, Isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding a novel short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst), Plant Physiol., 103, 1479-1480, 1993.

Baumgardner, R.E., D.G.Kronmiller, J.B. Anderson, J.J. Browser,a nd E.S. Edgerton, Development of an automated cloud water collection system for use in atmospheric monitoring networks, Atmos. Environ., 31, 2003-2010, 1997.

Bavcon, J., A. Gaber ik, and F. Bati , Influence of UV-B radiation on photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics in Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] seedlings, Trees, 10, 172-176, 1996.

Becquer, T., J.-P. Boudot, D. Merlet, and J. Rouiller, Influence of N and S cycles on the proton balance in a declining fir forest. Relation with aluminium toxicity, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 314, 527-532, 1992.

Beets, P. N., and D. Whitehead, Carbon partitioning in Pinus radiata stands in relation to foliage nitrogen status, Tree Physiol., 16, 131-138, 1996.

Benkert, D., Vorläufige Liste der verschollenen und gefährdeten Grosspilzarten der DDR, Boletus, 6, 21-32, 1982.

Benner, P., P. Sabel, and A. Wild, Photosynthesis and transpiration of healthy and diseased spruce trees in the course of three vegetative periods, Trees, 223-232, 1988.

Bennett, J. P., R. L. Anderson, M. L. Mielke, and J. E. Ebersole, Foliar injury air pollution surveys of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.): A review, Environ. Monitoring and Assessment, 30, 247-274, 1994

Bennett, J. P., and M. Banerjee, Air pollution vulnerability of 22 midwestern parks, J. Environ. Management, 44, 339-360, 1995.

Berden, M., S. I. Nilsson, K. Rosen, and G. Tyler, Soil Acidification: Extent Causes and Consequences. An Evaluation of Literature Information and Current Research, Solna, Sweden, National Swedish Environmental Protection Board report 3292, 164 pp, 1987.

Berg, M. P., and H. A. Verhoef, Effects of nitrogen deposition on nutrient cycling and soil biota in coniferous forest soils in the Netherlands: A field approach, in A. Teller, P. Mathy, and J. N. R. Jeffers, eds., Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes, Elsevier Applied Science, New York, 707-708, 1992.

Berger, T. W., and G. Glatzel, Deposition of atmospheric constituents and its impact on nutrient budgets of oak forests (Quercus petraea and Quercus robur) in Lower Austria, Forest Ecology and Management, 70, 183-193, 1994.

Berggren, D., Aluminium release in acid forest soils-mechanisms and implications for long-term modeling, J. Ecol. Chem., 3, 253-267, 1994.

Bernier, B., and M. Brazeau, Magnesium deficiency symptoms associated with sugar maple dieback in a Lower Laurentians site in southeastern Quebec, Can. J. For. Res., 18, 1265-1269, 1988.

Berrang, P., D. F. Karnosky, and J. P. Bennett, Natural selection for ozone tolerance in Populus tremuloides: Field verification, Can. J. For. Res., 19, 519-522, 1989.

Berrang, P., D. F. Karnosky, and J. P. Bennett, Natural selection for ozone tolerance in Populus tremuloides: An evaluation of nationwide trends, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 1091-1097, 1991.

Bertelsen, B. L., L. Årda., E. Steinnes, G. Abrahamsen, and A. O. Staunes, Mobility of heavy metals in pine forest soils as influenced by experimental acidification, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 73, 29-48, 1994.

Bertelsen, B. L., E. Steinnes, W. Solberg, and L. Jingsen, Heavy metal concentrations in plants in relation to atmospheric heavy metal deposition, J. Environ. Qual., 24, 1018-1026, 1995.

Bertrant, A., G. Robitaille, P. Nadeau, and R. Boutin, Effects of soil freezing and drought stress on abscisic acid content of sugar maple sap and leaves, Tree Physiol., 14, 413-425, 1994.

Bertrant, A., G. Robitaille, R. Boutin, and P. Nadeau, Growth and ABA responses of maple seedlings to aluminum, Tree Physiol., 15, 775-782, 1995.

Beyer, L., H.-P. Blume, B. Henss, and M. Peters, Soluble aluminium- and iron-organic complexes and carbon cycle in Hapludalfs and Haplorthods under forest and cultivation, Science of the Total Environment, 138, 57-76, 1993.

Bilonick, R. A., Monthly hydrogen ion deposition maps for the northeastern U.S. from July 1982 to September 1984, Atmos. Environ., 22, 1909-1924, 1988.

Binkley, D., Sensitivity of forest soils in the western U.S. to acidic deposition, Ch. 4 in Olson, R. K., D. Binkley, and M. Böhm, eds., The Response of Western Forests to Air Pollution, Springer-Verlag, NY, 153-181. 1992.

Binkley, D., and D. D. Richter, Nutrient cycles and H+ budgets of forest ecosystems, Advances in Ecological Res., 16, 1-51, 1987.

Binkley, D., D. Valentine, C. Wells, and U. Valentine, An empirical analysis of the factors contributing to 20-yr decrease in soil pH in an old-field plantation of loblolly pine, Biogeochem., 8, 39-53, 1989.

Biocca, M., F. H. Tainter, D. A. Starkey, S. W. Oak, and J. G. Williams, The persistence of oak decline in the western North Carolina Nantahala Mountains, Castanea, 58, 178-184, 1993.

Bishop, K. H., and H. Hultberg, Reversing acidification in a forest ecosystem: The Gårdsjön covered catchment, Ambio, 24, 85-91, 1995.

Björkman, E., Über die Bedingungen der Mykorrhizabildung bei Kiefer und Fichte, Symb. Bot. Upsal., 6, 1-191, 1942.

Blanchard, C. L., and K. A. Tonnessen, Precipitation-chemistry measurements from the California acid deposition monitoring program, 1985-1990, Atmos. Environ., 27A, 1755-1763, 1993.

Blank, L. W., T. M. Roberts, and R. A. Skeffington, New perspectives on forest decline, Nature, 336, 27-30, 1987.

Bockheim, J. G., Acidic deposition effects on forest soils and site quality, Air Pollution and the Productivity of the Forest, Wash., DC, spons. by Izaak Walton League of American Endowment, 199-220, Oct. 4-5, 1983.

Bockheim, J. G., J. E. Leide, and L. E. Frelich, Red pine growth and chemical composition of foliage and forest floors across a precipitation-chemistry gradient in Wisconsin, Can. J. For. Res., 19, 1543-1549, 1989.

Boerner, R. E. J., and E. K. Sutherland, Nitrogen dynamics in oak forest soils along a historical deposition gradient, Proc. 10th Centeral Hardwood Forest Conf., K. W. Gottscalk and S. L. C. Forbroke, eds., GTR-NE-197, pp. 523-533, 199x.

Böhm, M., B. McClune, and T. Vandetta, Diurnal curves of tropospheric ozone in the western United States, Atmos. Environ., 25A, 1577-1590, 1991.

Bolsinger, M., and W. Flückiger, Effect of air pollution at a motorway on the infestation of Viburnum opulus by Aphis fabae, Eur. J. For. Path., 14, 256-260, 1984.

Bolsinger, M., and W. Flückiger, Enhanced aphid infestation at motorways: The role of ambient air pollution, Entomol. Exp. Appl., 45, 237-243, 1987.

Bolsinger, M., and W. Flückiger, Ambient air pollution induced changes in amino acid pattern of phloem sap in host plants--relevance to aphid infestation, Environ. Pollut., 56, 209-216, 1989.

Bolster, K. L., M. E. Martin, and J. D. Aber, Determination of carbon fraction and nitrogen concentration in tree foliage by near infrared reflectance: A comparison of statistical methods, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 590-600, 1996.

Bondietti, E. A., N. Momoshima, W. C. Shortle, and K. T. Smith, A historical perspective on divalent cation trends in red spruce stemwood and the hypothetical relationship to acidic deposition, Can. J. For. Res., 20, 1850-1858, 1990.

Bouchard, A., Recent lake acidification and recovery trends in southern Quebec, Canada, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 94, 225-245, 1997.

Boudot, J.-P., D. Merlet, J. Rouiller, and O. Maitat, Validation of an operational procedure for aluminium speciation in soil solutions and surface waters, Science of the Total Environment, 158, 237-252, 1994.

Boudot, J.-P., T. Becquer, D. Merlet, and J. Rouiller, Aluminium toxicity in declining forests: A general overview with a seasonal assessment in a silver fir forest in the Vosges mountains (France), Ann. Sci. For., 51, 27-51, 1994.

Boutin, R., and G. Robitaille, Increased soil nitrate losses under mature sugar maple trees affected by experimentally induced deep frost, Can. J. For. Res., 25, 588-602, 1995.

Boxman, A. W., R. J. Sinke, and J. G. M. Roelofs, Effects of NH4+ on the growth and K+ (86Rb) uptake of various ectomycorrhizal fungi in pure culture, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 31, 517-522, 1986.

Boxman, A. W., D. van Dam, H. F. G. van Dijk, R. F. Hogervorst, and C. J. Koopmans, Ecosystem responses to reduced nitrogen and sulphur inputs into two coniferous forest stands in the Netherlands, Forest Ecol. Manage., 71, 7-29, 1995.

Boyce, R. L., A. J. Friedland, C. P. Chamberlain, and S. R. Poulson, Direct canopy nitrogen uptake from 15N-labeled wet deposition by mature red spruce, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 1539-1547, 1996.

Brasier, C.M., Phytophthora cinnamomi and oak decline in southern Europe. Environmental constraints including climate change, Ann Sci For, 53, 347-358, 1996.

Braun, S., and W. Flückiger, Increased population of the aphid Aphis pomi at a motorway: Part 1--Field evaluation, Environ. Pollut., 33, 107-120, 1984.

Braun, S., and W. Flückiger, Increased population of the aphid Aphis pomi at a motorway: Part 3--The effect of exhaust gases, Environ. Pollut., 39, 183-192, 1985.

Braun, S., and W. Flückiger, Effect of ambient ozone and acid mist on aphid development, Environ. Pollut., 56, 177-187, 1989.

Braun, S., and W. Flückiger, Effects of ambient ozone on seedlings of Fagus sylvatica L. and Picea abies (L.) Karst, New Phytol., 129, 33-44, 1995.

Bredemeier, M., A. Tiktak, and K. van Heerden, The Solling Norway spruce site, Ecological Modelling, 83, 7-15, 1995.

Britton, K. O., P. Berrang, and E. Mavity, Effects of pretreatment with simulated acid rain on the severity of dogwood anthrocnose, Plant Disease, 80, 646-649, 1996.

Brook, J. R., Wet acid deposition episodicity in eastern North America and the influence of deposition episodes on annual deposition amounts, Atmos. Environ., 29, 1795-1807, 1995.

Brook, J. R., P. J. Samson, and S. Sillman, The relationship between upwind SO2 emissions and SO42- concentrations in precipitation at six sites in eastern U.S.A., Atmos. Environ., 27A, 1765-1779, 1993.

Brook, J. R., P. J. Samson, and S. Sillman, A meteorology-based approach to detecting the relationship between changes in SO2 emission rates and precipitation concentrations of sulfate, J. Appl. Meteorol., 33, 1050-1066, 1994.

Brook, J. R., P. J. Samson, and S. Sillman, Aggregation of selected three-day periods to estimate annual and seasonal wet deposition totals for sulfate, nitrate, and acidity. Part I: A synoptic and chemical climatology for eastern North America, J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 297-325, 1995.

Brook, J. R., P. J. Samson, and S. Sillman, Aggregation of selected three-day periods to estimate annual and seasonal wet deposition totals for sulfate, nitrate, and acidity. Part II: Selection of events, deposition totals, and source-receptor relationships, J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 326-339, 1995.

Brooks, R. T., A regional-scale survey and analysis of forest growth and mortality as affected by site and stand factors for acidic deposition, Forest Science, 40, 543-557, 1994.

Brown, D. A., M. T. Windham, R. L. Anderson, and R. N. Trigiano, Influence of simulated acid rain on the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) leaf surface, Can. J. For. Res., 24, 1058-1062, 1994.

Bruck, R. I., Forest decline syndromes in the southeastern United States, Ch. 4 in J. J. MacKenzie and M. T. El-Ashry, eds., Air Pollution's Toll on Forests & Crops, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 113-190, 1989.

Bruck, R. I., and S. R. Shafer, Effects of acid precipitation on plant diseases, Ch. 3 in Linthurst, Direct and Indirect Effects of Acidic Deposition on Vegetation, Butterworth Pub., Boston, 19-32, 1984.

Bruck, R. I., W. P. Robarge, and A. McDaniel, Forest decline in the boreal montane ecosystems of the southern Appalachian Mountains, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 48, 161-180, 1989.

Bryant, J. P., F. S. Chapin III, and D. R. Klein, Carbon/nutrient balance of boreal plants in relation to vertebrate herbivory, Oikos, 40, 357-368, 1983.

Bryant, J. P., Feltleaf willow-snowshoe hare interactions: Plant carbon/nutrient balance and floodplain succession, Ecology, 68, 1319-1327, 1987.

Bryant, J. P., P. J. Kuropat, S. M. Cooper, K. Frisby, and N. Owen-Smith, Resource availability hypothesis of plant antiherbivore defence tested in a South African savanna ecosystem, Nature, 340, 227-229, 1989.

Buchmann, N., R. Oren, and R. Zimmermann, Response of magnesium-deficient saplings in a young, open stand of Picea abies (L.) Karst. to elevated soil magnesium, nitrogen and carbon, Environ. Pollut., 87, 31-43, 1995.

Buchmann, N., E.-D. Schulze, and G. Gebauer, 15N-ammonium and 15N-nitrate uptake of a 15-year-old Picea abies plantation, Oecologia, 102, 361-370, 1995.

Buchmann, N., G. Gebauer, and E.-D. Schulze, Partitioning of 15N-labeled ammonium and nitrate among soil, litter, below- and above-ground biomass of trees and understory in a 15-year-old Picea abies plantation, Biogeochem., in press.

Bücker, J., Unterschiedlich empfindliche Pappelvarietäten als Grundalge zur Ausarbeitung einer biochemischen Indikation pflanzengefährdender O3- und SO3-Konzentrationen, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaf für Ökologie, 24, 255-258, 1995.

Bücker, J., H.-J. Ballach, and K. Küppers, Leaching rates of carbohydrates from Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) as influences by mixtures of air pollutants and magnesium nutrition, Acta Biol. Benrodis, 1, 107-121, 1988/89.

Bücker, J., and H.-J. Ballach, Alterations in carbohydrate levels in leaves of Populus due to ambient air pollution, Physiol. Plantarum, 86, 512-517, 1992.

Bücker, J., and R. Guderian, Marked increases in raffinose in leaves of populus due to ambient air pollution, J. Plant Physiol., 141, 654-656, 1993.

Bücker, J., R. Guderian, and J. Mooi, A novel method to evaluate the phytotoxic potential of low ozone concentrations using poplar cuttings, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 66, 193-201, 1993.

Bücker, J., and T. Drogies, Practical application of the poplar cultivars Loenen and Rochester to indicate the presence of phytorelevant O3 and/or SO2, in Immissionsökologische Forschung im Wandel der Zeit, Westarp Wissenschafter, Magdeburg, 113-140, 1994.

Bücker, J., and R. Guderian, Accumulation of myo-inositol in populus as a possible indication of membrane disintegration due to air pollution, J. Plant Physiol., 144, 121-123, 1994.

Burkhard, E. G., V. A. Dutkiewicz, and L. Husain, A study of SO2, SO42- and trace elements in clear air and clouds above the midwestern United States, Atmos. Environ., 28, 1521-1533, 1994.

Burton, A. J., K. S. Pregitzer, and N. W. MacDonald, Foliar nutrients in sugar maple forests along a regional pollution-climate gradient, Soil Science Soc. Am. J., 57, 1619-1628, 1993.

Busing, R. T., E. E. C. Clebsch, C. C. Eagar, and E. F. Pauley, Two decades of change in a Great Smoky Mountains spruce-fir forest, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 115, 25-31, 1988.

Busing, R. T., and E. F. Pauley, Mortality trends in a southern Appalachian red spruce population, Forest Ecology and Management, 64, 41-45, 1994.

Busing, R. T., and X. Wu, Size-specific mortality, growth, and structure of a Great Smoky Mountains red spruce population, Can. J. For. Res., 20, 206-210, 1990.

Bussotti, F., R. Gellini, M. Ferretti, E. Cenni, R. Pietrini, and G. Sbrilli, Monitoring in 1989 of Mediterranean tree condition and nutritional status in southern Tuscany, Italy, Forest Ecology and Management, 51, 81-93, 1992.

Bussotti, F., L. M. Bellani, P. Grossoni, B. Mori, and C. Tani, Anatomical and ultrastructural alterations in Pinus pinea L. needles treated with simulated sea aerosol, Agr. Med. Special Volume, 148-155, 1995.

Bussotti, F., E. Cenni, M. Ferretti, A. Cozzi, L. Brogi, and A. Mecci, Forest condition in Tuscany (Central Italy). Field surveys 1987-1991, Forestry, 68, 11-24, 1995.

Bussotti, F., M. Ferretti, A. Cozzi, P. Grossoni, A. Bottacci, and C. Tani, Crown status of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) trees as related to phenology and environmental stress, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1269-1274, 1995.

Bussotti, F., P. Grossoni, and F. Pantani, The role of marine salt and surfactants in the decline of Tyrrhenian coastal vegetation in Italy, Ann. Sci. For., 52, 251-261, 1995.

Butler, T. J., and G. E. Likens, The impact of changing regional emissions on precipitation chemistry in the eastern United States, Atmos. Environ., 25A, 305-315, 1991.

Butler, T. J., and G. E. Likens, A direct comparison of throughfall plus stemflow to estimates of dry and total deposition for sulfur and nitrogen, Atmos. Environ., 29, 1253-1265, 1995.

Byres, D. P., J. D. Johnson, and T. J. Dean, Seasonal response of slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Engelm.) photosynthesis to long-term exposure to ozone and acidic precipitation, New Phytol., 122, 91-96, 1992.

Bytnerowicz, A., Physiological aspects of air pollution stress in forests, Phyton, 36, 15-22, 1996.

Bytnerowicz, A., and B. K. Takemoto, Effects of photochemical smog on the growth and physiology of ponderosa pine seedlings grown under N and Mg deficiencies, Proc., Air & Waste Management Assoc. 82 Annual Meeting, Anaheim, paper 89-131.2, 1989.

TOC

Articles A-B C-D E-F G-H I-J K-L M-N O-P Q-R S-T U-V W-X Y-Z

Addresses Newspaper Stories Proceedings Reports Theses Books